Biopesticides, also known as biological pesticides, are a type of pesticide derived from natural materials, such as animals, plants, bacteria, and certain minerals.
EPA categorizes biopesticides into three major classes:
- Biochemical pesticides – Naturally occurring substances, or synthetically derived equivalents, that control pests. Some examples include:
- Semiochemicals (insect pheromones and kairomones)
- Natural plant and insect regulators
- Naturally occurring repellents and attractants
- Microbial pesticides – Microorganisms (e.g., a bacterium, fungus, virus, or protozoan) that control pests. An example of the most widely used microbial pesticide is Bacillus thuringiensis, Bt. Each strain produces a different mix of proteins, which specifically kill one or a few related species of insect larvae
- Plant-incorporated protectants – Pesticidal substances that plants produce from genetic material that has been added to the plant.
Biopesticides Pollution and Prevention Division (BPPD) pesticide review includes five phases: a content screen, a technical screen, a primary and secondary science review, and a Scientific Advisory Panel (SAP) meeting when necessary. BPPD also recommends a presubmission meeting prior to starting the application process.
Combining our regulatory experience with our understanding of biochemical and microbial biopesticide regulatory requirements, we can confidently move companies through the registration process to get their biopesticide products to market.
See our EPA Pesticide Registration page for more services.
For additional information on organic labeling for biopesticide products, see section on National Organic Program (NOP) and Organic Materials Review Institute (OMRI) Certification.
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